pdf FM9_US v Michigan (Fox); 1979; M26-73 C.A.

United States of America et al., Plaintiffs,
State of Michigan et al., Defendants.

Authors: Judge Noel Fox

Author Affiliation: United States District Court, W.D. Michigan, N.D.

Journal: USDC, W.D. Michigan, N.D.; No. M26-73 C.A.; May 7, 1979

Abstract:  It is hereby ORDERED, ADJUDGED AND DECREED that the right of the Plaintiff tribes to fish in the waters of the Great Lakes and connecting waters ceded by the Treaty of 1836, 7 Stat. 491, is as follows:
(1) Each of the Plaintiff tribes, the Bay Mills Indian Community and the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, is a present-day tribal entity which, with respect to the matters which are the subject of this litigation, is a political successor in interest to the Indians who were party to the Treaty of Ghent and the Treaty of 1836. Their members can trace their ancestry to the Indians who were beneficiaries of the Treaty of Ghent of 1814, 8 Stat. 218, and the Treaty of 1836. Members of these tribes and their predecessor bands and the individual ancestors of their members have fished the ceded waters of the Great Lakes under claim of aboriginal right, Treaty of Ghent and Treaty of 1836 right from ancient times until the present.